Lumps and bumps on dogs: what to do if you find a lump on your dog
Lumps and bumps may have sinister connotations, but there’s really no need to panic if you discover a lump while stroking and petting your dog, as most skin growths are harmless and treatable.
While you’ll want to make an appointment with your vet to get the lump checked out, here’s an outline of some of the most common causes of lumps on dogs in the meantime.
Common causes of lumps on dogs
While it may be natural to suspect cancer if you find a lump on your dog, cancerous growths aren’t the only cause of lumps and bumps – sometimes described by your vet as ‘masses’.
Benign, or harmless masses that are common in dogs include warts, skin tags, cysts, abscesses, granulomas and papulonodular dermatoses. Let’s look at those in turn.
Skin tags and warts are relatively common in dogs, and usually nothing to worry about. They’re small bumps that can occur in groups or on their own. Skin tags are usually more fleshy and bendy than warts, which tend to lie closer to the skin.
Skin tags and warts on dogs are normally harmless and don’t usually need to be removed unless they become infected.
A cyst is a round or oval lump on your dog’s skin that’s filled with liquid. They can occur at any age, anywhere on the body, and can affect all breeds of dog. While they’re not caused by infection themselves, they can become infected.
Cysts can be removed by surgery or drained – when your vet makes a small incision or inserts a needle and drains away the fluid.
An abscess is a pocket of pus beneath the skin, or within another bodily tissue. Abscesses are localised infections that usually develop after a wound has healed, which prevents the pus from draining. They’re often caused by puncture wounds – such as cuts and bites acquired through play fighting or foreign bodies like thorns. Dogs can develop abscesses at any age.
Abscesses can be painful, cause your dog to develop a fever, and occasionally split and release nasty-smelling pus. Your vet may recommend surgery to drain the pus and clean the infected area, sometimes together with a course of antibiotics to tackle infection.
A granuloma is a solid mass beneath the surface of the skin that’s made of inflammatory cells, blood vessels and connective tissue. Granulomas can affect dogs at any age, and are usually caused by long term infections or inflammation. The most common type of granuloma in dogs is the Acral Lick Granuloma cause by excessive licking of an area, most commonly the paws.
“While it may be natural to suspect cancer if you find a lump on your dog, cancerous growths are far from being the only cause of lumps and bumps.”
Tumours are more common in older dogs, though it’s possible for younger dogs to develop them, too. If your vet suspects the lump on your dog may be a tumour, he or she will recommend taking a a sample either with a needle or surgical biopsy to confirm their diagnosis. This will allow them to decide what treatment is best for your pet.
Tumours fall into two categories: malignant, which means they’re likely to spread or get worse, and benign, which means harmless, or non-cancerous.
Whatever the likely cause of the lump, the most important thing is to get your dog checked out by your vet without delay, so he or she can recommend the best treatment and care for your dog.
Professional advice on lumps and bumps on dogs
For expert advice on lumps and bumps on dogs, speak to your local vet. To find your nearest recommended vet or pet clinic, use our Find a Vet page.